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Hardware and networking is the process of supplying data by lining to the group of networks by using the hardware such as Routers, Gateway and Hubs.
Basically, your job will be to maintain the hardware and see that all the devices are connected to the network and are performing their designated duties.
Devices used for networking purpose:
- Gateway: It is an interface that connects to the network by changing speeds, protocol and security measures.
- Router: A networking device used to connect to a network. We all know it as a device used to connect to the internet, it can also be used to connect between different devices.
- Switch: A hardware device that connects different devices on a network.
- Network Hub: A networking device that connects multiple devices together.
- Proxy Server: Proxy server is a computer network service that allows you to connect to other network services
- Firewall: It is a hardware or a software component used as a barrier between trusted devices, internal network and another outside network. It is used as the shield against outside network.
Skills required for hardware & networking
- Computer assembling and maintenance.
- Troubleshooting hardware and software problems.
- Installing and configuring the peripherals, components and drivers
- Installing software and application to user standards
- Sound knowledge of digital and analog embedded computer hardware
- Wide knowledge of motherboard and circuit designs of monitor
- Deep knowledge of printer and cartridge refilling.
- Familiarity with Analog Circuit, Digital Circuit, PCB design, schematic capture, board layout, vendor interface analysis and simulation
- Configuring and troubleshooting desktops, laptops and servers
- Familiar with hardware tools like servers, printers, VoIP, networking and telecommunications devices
- Excellent troubleshooting skills in complex software and hardware problems
- Installing Hard disks, Floppy drives, CD Drives, Sound Blaster cards, CPU, Memory, Power supply unit, Network card, Video graphics card, Hard disk controller card on PC systems
- Troubleshooting of personal computers. On line Support to customers concerning their computer problems
- Managing and Maintaining the Servers, PC’s, Routers and Switches.
- Configuring, Managing and Maintaining Networking Equipment.
- Network processing, centralized and distributive network connection
- Installing, configuring and administering network technologies
- Installed and configured workstations for IP/IPX based LAN
- Installed and configured DHCP Client/Server
- Implemented HP-Open view for network management
- Monitoring servers using BMC patrol Express
- Analysis of Security Alerts and Implementation of Recommendations Third-party middleware and database software
Scope of hardware and networking:
The Scope of Hardware and networking industry in tremendous. Answer these simple questions to understand the scope of Hardware and Networking industry:
- Up to what extent you can see the computerization in the office and your household?
- Consider a Super Computer in your company with all the important data of around 10,000 TB is infected with virus and you want to transfer it to another device, how will you transfer this huge amount of data from one computer to another computer?
The world is moving towards paperless environment and so are the offices. The level of computerization is enormous. Computers are being used extensively, with the steep increase in the computers the jobs in networking industry is going to increase.
To the second question I hope your answer was not to use a 1,000 GB external hard disk to transfer the stuff. This Jugad is a tedious job and also there is a risk of data loss due to human error. Instead you can establish a local network and backup your data, Reliable, Nice and Easy. Smooth like a butter.
The recent study tells that this industry in India is expected to cross $60 billion. Considering the facts such as computerization we can say that the number of jobs in Hardware and networking industry will tend to grow exponentially in India.
Pay Scale in Hardware and networking Industry
A diploma holder in this industry earns about Rs 10,000 per month at entry level, and with a certification like CCNA he can expect about Rs 20,000 a month. With 2 to 3 years of experience the pay can go as high as 6 lakhs per annum. Fresh Engineering graduates can expect a salary of 2.5 lakhs per annum.
Top courses in hardware and networking:
- Network Security
- Red Hat Certification
- Diploma in Computer Hardware
- Diploma in Networking
- Certification in Hardware and Networking
Certifications in Hardware Networking:
There are huge number of certification programs available. The certification program ranges from local level certificates to certifications accepted all over the world. You are the one who will be deciding what is best for you. Here is a list of Certifications:
- CCNA – Routing and switching
Difficulty level: Beginner
CCNA – Cisco Certified Network associate
This certification is designed by cisco industries in such a way that the personnel can handle the practical situations. This certificate proves your mettle in this field. Many of the employers are always looking for an individual with CCNA Certification. The CCNA certificate holders are preferred over other candidates. The CCNA is just more than a certificate, it is a life changer.
- CCNP – Routing and switching
Difficulty level: intermediate
CCNP – Cisco Certified Network Professional
This certification program is also designed and developed by the Cisco Industries. It is recommended that you take this certification exam after having a minimum of one year experience in Hardware and networking field.
Important: You need to have a CCNA Routing and switching certificate or any Cisco CCIE certificate.
Note: Cisco is a leading manufacturer of network components in the world. They have various certification programs which are widely accepted in all the countries and they really have a great impact on your career.
Difficulty level: Beginner
RHCSA – Red Hat Certified System administrator
The certificate mainly focusses on network management in Linux Operating System only. Through this certification program you can prove your skills in Linux environment developed by Red Hat Systems.
Difficulty level: Intermediate
RHCE – Red Hat Certified Engineer
The certification program is a combination of RHCSA and the following skills:
- Configuring static routes, packet filtering, and network address translation
- Setting kernel runtime parameters
- Configuring an Internet Small Computer System Interface (iSCSI) initiator
- Producing and delivering reports on system utilization
- Using shell scripting to automate system maintenance tasks
- Configuring system logging, including remote logging
- Configuring a system to provide networking services, including HTTP/HTTPS, File Transfer Protocol (FTP), network file system (NFS), server message block (SMB), Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), secure shell (SSH) and Network Time Protocol (NTP)
- CompTIA A+
Difficulty level: Beginner
CompTIA A+ validates your understanding of Hardware and Networking technologies. This certification program is designed and developed for beginners, best suited for IT professionals with 0 to one year of experience in this field or for one who is willing to establish himself in this industry.
Job roles in hardware & networking:
- Network Administrator
A network admin is a person who is responsible for maintenance of computer network and network related components. It includes monitoring for security attacks, installation of OS and network related software.
- Network System Engineer
The network system engineer is the person who will setup, maintain and troubleshoot the problems of network and its connected devices like server, computers, switches, router, hubs etc.
- Network Technicians
This profile is a combination of electrical and computer networking. The main responsibilities are to setup, maintain and troubleshoot the problem of network more at hardware and connectivity level.
- Network Programmer and Analyst
The main role of Network Programmer is to write scripts to do the automation of certain task such as installing common software on a newly configured computer.
- Network Information Systems Manager
The main role of a Network information systems manager is to plan, coordinate and direct research, and also manage and design the computer-related activities of firms.
- Computer Hardware engineer
Computer hardware engineer role is to look after all the hardware components of a computer such as computer chips, circuit boards, keyboards and printers etc. and also its networking hardware such as Modems, Routers, switches and Hubs etc.
- Network Security engineer
Network security engineers are generally responsible for the managing security aspects of a network. They are the one who will be protecting the attacks from Hackers.
- Network Support engineer
A network support engineer’s role is to maintain an existing network of a company, testing and troubleshooting of network problems.
Network support engineer may be a part of the organization’s internal IT support team or as technical support staff of a third-party network technology provider.
- Server Support engineer
The main role of server support engineer is to configure and troubleshoot a server hardware, operating systems, applications and networking equipment. The engineer also manages applications, databases, secure the company’s network, recommend improvements to the current infrastructure, back up data and provide technical support to users
- Computer Maintenance Engineer
Generally, Computer maintenance engineer work as a member of an IT support team in a large organization, or on annual maintenance contract service (AMC) for an IT servicing company, or as a field technician for a computer manufacturer. The primary role includes: installing software, upgrading/replacing existing hardware, visiting home users to fix their computer issues, servicing printers, scanner, UPS and other office equipment.
- Server Administrator
A server administrator, or admin has the overall control of a server. The primary role is to design, install, administer, and optimize servers and related components to achieve high performance of the various business applications supported by tuning the servers as necessary.
- Intranet Administrator
Many companies use internal communication network for sharing files and other sensitive information within company network which is not accessible by outside world. Intranet administrator is a person who creates and manages this internal communication interwork.
- Cloud Network Administrators
Cloud network administrator plays a very important role, he is the one who configures and maintains the cloud platform.
- Cloud Solution Advisor
The primary role of cloud solution advisor is to suggest and design the cloud infrastructure which is best fit as per the need of a business, mainly he/she is an interface at the business level as well as with the technical side.
Private cloud computing – A latest technology trend
Before discussing about private cloud computing let us have a look on What is Cloud Computing?
Cloud computing means storing and accessing data on internet. This is used as a substitute for local storage devices such as hard disk. Cloud Computing commonly refers to public cloud computing.
Private Cloud Computing:
The difference between public and Private cloud computing is that the private cloud computing is solely dedicated for a single organization.
Note: The combination of Private and Public cloud computing is known as Hybrid Cloud Computing.
Future of Hardware and networking:
We have seen enormous computerization from railways to airways and to banks and nearly 3 lakhs of jobs were created due to AADHAR project by government of India.
These facts just point that the career in hardware and networking is bright. We expect that the demand for jobs in this industry to grow exponentially over time.
Career in Hardware and networking is very bright, and our analysis say that there are better job opportunities in Singapore, USA. With the correct Certification in Hardware and networking you can comfortably get into big companies. Overall Career in Hardware and Networking is a decent career option.
Web Sites are an integral part of our life style and the IT industry. For that matter any business or professional cannot survive in the modern marketplace without a web presence. Imagine a day without websites such as WikiPedia.com or google.com, they have made our life easy.
That web developers are in high demand, is a well-known fact – as demand increases, price of the service also increases. In this article we cover up What is Web designing? Its scope, and the web design & development industry in India.
What is web designing?
Web designing is a field concerned with designing of web page, websites and web applications. It deals with the front end details of the website such as interface of website, search engine optimization (SEO) etc.
What is Web Development?
Web development normally deals with the back-end part of any website. It involves developing website for internet and intranet. Web development ranges from creating of simple web page with simple text to a complex web page with various complex features such as building a gateway, Internet banking web page etc. It mainly involves coding and testing the functions of a website.
Scope of website development:
From posting our selfies on Instagram and Facebook to E- learning, websites have become inseparable part of our life. Scope as a website developer is infinite.
Since its first inception in the 1960, web development has never looked back. Internet is never going to quit any time soon; the internet depends on the web developers.
Ranging from development of a simple personal websites to a complex web portals capable of handling numerous users and tasks such as, online banking websites and Government websites; web developers are required to maintain their site. There is abundant scope in the field of web development.
The Web Design & Development industry in India
With only 5% of India’s population having access to computer and internet services; India has achieved the top place in Web development and IT industry. Indian Web developers are known for the excellent web development skills and timely execution of the project.
Following are some of the factors which helped Indian developers:
* Government Polices: The free enterprise policies adopted by the government have helped the entrepreneurs to invest heavily in IT services such as Web development.
* Expertise: The efficiency of Indian web developers is known for their excellent work & timely project execution.
*Education and English fluency: India has the largest number of people who can understand and read English in the World. English being the web language; help Indian developers to work better.
Economics: Indian website design & development service provides offer the best service at cheapest rates, which create a perfect situation for business people on either side.
Future of Web Development Industry in India:
India stands third in global startup ecosystem, they need their own website to grow their business. They need quality web developers like you to develop and maintain their webpages.
Web Designing in India as a career option has gained immense prominence. An increasing number of young enthusiasts are heading towards design institutes to be accredited with the mark of being an expert in Web design.
Clients interested in getting their own website are approaching the software giants. Therefore, the software companies recruit experienced and skilled professionals who can deliver the project in timely manner.
Companies, also welcome freshers, they are put to training and side by side learning with the experienced developers.
Most organizations also recruit web designers for their internal projects which have a distinct flavor of their own as it provides the opportunity for Designers to interact with major company stakeholders who run these internal initiatives.
Web Designers are also required in the Media Industry like News or advertising agencies or even in the education industry developing educational websites and learning material for students.
Types of Web Sites:
- Static Website
Static website appear as they are stored on the server. Usually Static websites are used by small business holders to get their space in World Wide Web. To develop or update this type of website requires an expert web developer.
- Dynamic Website
Dynamic website on other hand provide real time updating of website from a simple web browser interface. No need of skills to update the website. This type of website is expensive to build and host.
- Flash Website
Flash is a software owned by the Adobe systems, it is usually used on the webpages to display the photos in slide show. Not recommended because, it takes long time to load and this type of website are not search engine friendly. Google reads such sites as a content with a single flash line.
- Microsite Website
A microsite is an individual web page or a small cluster of pages which are meant to function as a discrete entity within an existing website or to complement an offline activity.
Languages used in Web Design & Development
XHTML is a markup language designed to structure information for presentation as web pages. XHTML language ensures that pages have fastest download times possible, are viewable on all browsers, are search engine friendly.
- Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Cascading Style Sheets control how the web pages are displayed in the browser, in simple words it controls the visual features such as fonts, color and appearance of the web pages.
PHP is a server scripting language and a powerful tool that is used to create interactive, dynamic web sites. Designed for web development but it also serves as a general purpose programming language.
Perl is a programming language designed to handle input and output from a Web Server. It is most commonly used to process information through forms.
XML stands for EXtensible Markup Language. It is a language that encodes web documents in a format which is both human readable and understood by computer(Machine)
MySQL is an open-source Relational Database Management System that uses the popular Structured Query Language (SQL). It is perfect for most websites that need database functionality, and works hand-in-hand with PHP.
PostgreSQL is a more sophisticated open-source Relational Database Management System. It is well-suited to sites that require robust database functionality, such as e-commerce sites.
Linux is a popular open-source operating system, and Apache is the most widely-used web server on the Internet.
- SSL/Secure Servers
Unlike normal web servers, secure servers ensure that information exchanged between the visitor and the web site cannot be viewed by any third parties. A secure server is essential when
handling confidential information, such as online credit card transactions or personal medical details. SSL, or Secure Socket Layer, is one method of exchanging data securely.
- Macromedia Flash
Flash is a product designed to provide web sites with animation, sound, interactivity and database integration. A free plugin, which also ships with the major web browsers, is needed to see the Flash parts of a site. Flash can create a truly multimedia web site, but has certain disadvantages, and is therefore best used sparingly.
Tools helpful in Web Development:
There are some tools which are designed to code, compile, run and debug a website. Here are some of the tools which are helpful in web development, which can help you to detect problems with your code easily.
- Dreamweaver CS6
Dreamweaver CS6 is a web development tool designed and developed by Adobe. It is the most popular web development tool among developers.
- Cloud9 IDE
Drupal is content management software. It’s used to make many of the websites and applications you use every day. But what sets Drupal apart is its flexibility; modularity is one of its core principles. This tool requires less coding, as the codes are readily available; you just have to configure the data. NASA and SONY Websites are built using Drupal.
Latest trends in web designing
Design trends often span several years (even decades for some types of design), but Web design is a quickly moving and changing industry where trends come and go quite often.
We’re still working with some of those trends now: responsive web design, flat design, performance and speed, and perfecting the user experience.
We are expecting these trends to show up in the year 2016.
- Navigation and Menus
Navigation and Menus are very important tools of websites, but don’t look trendy, web developers are experimenting on these styles and menus. Hidden navigation has become very popular way to keep it on the website, performing its intended function and not disturbing the UI of the website.
- To scroll or not to scroll
Web developers are experimenting with no scroll type of pages. Just Imagine, how difficult it is to find the content you need which is somewhere in the middle of a very long page? But in no scroll page you get the information you need at a click.
- Designing in modules and components instead of entire pages
Web design is moving toward modular and component design instead of mocking up entire layouts and comps for a particular web page. These components often involve designing how the search function will work, how the navigation will be laid out, etc.
We’ve matured into knowing that we have repeated elements on different screens, and that these elements need to be designed both so that they work independently but can still work with the rest of the site.
Not only are we more concerned about how these components look in terms of design, but they all carry their individual functionalities with it too. Designing with components and modules allows the same functionality to be replicated no matter where it appears on the site.
- Hero images:
Since vision is the strongest human sense, HD hero images are one of the fastest ways to grab a user’s attention. Thanks to advances in bandwidth and data compression, users won’t suffer from slow load times either. One common layout you’ll find is a hero image above the scroll, followed by either zig-zagging sections or a cards-based arrangement.
- Rich Animations
Animations are being used more and more to enhance a site’s visual appearance, making the experience more interactive and entertaining. The animations should be carefully designed, it should be light and fast enough.
Animations can be thought of in terms of two groups:
- Large scale animations. These are used as a primary interaction tool have more impact on users and include effects like parallax scrolling and pop-up notifications.
- Small scale animations. These include spinners, hover tools and loading bars, and don’t require any user input.
- Loading animations
These are used to improve the user experience while loading the data. Loading animations should be kept simple and no sound should be added, the sound can leave a user with bad experience in the site.
- Hover animations
Hover effects give information about a particular object as they hover their mouse on the object.
Pay scales of web designers in India:
The survey from the payscale.com suggests that a web developer with adequate skills earns an average of 4,17,255 INR per annum. The pay varies on your experience and your coding skills. In Bangalore, the pay ranges from 2,36,000 to 7,00,000 INR.
Web development is a lucrative career option
The internet is not going out of business, in any time soon. Web industry is growing day by day, with the internet connectivity increasing day by day, the companies want to establish their presence online.
Web development industry is estimated to be $24 billion business and is growing at a rate of 4.9%. Considering the facts above, one can say that web development is a lucrative career option.
Training to become a web designer or developer
One can train on we design & development in numerous ways. The easiest being enrolling for a web design & development course. You have to keep in mind whether you intend to concentrate on the front-end or the back-end part of web design & development. The front-end work requires design skills along with technical knowledge whereas the back-end work is mostly technical.
Some suggested training courses for web design & development are:
- ACWD by Aptech Chowringhee a six month program with emphasis on back-end
- Graphics Web Design & Development by Arena Multimedia Park Street with emphasis on front end and sufficient coverage of back-end
What is Java?
Java is a general purpose, high-level, object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. A team called Green was formed in the year 1991 to develop a language for handheld devices, set-top boxes and consumer electronic products. Initially it was called as OAK. The language was too advanced at its time as a result it was unsuccessful. In 1995 Sun changed the name to Java which was intended to take advantage of the rapidly growing World Wide Web(WWW).
Later in 2009, due to monetization problem Sun microsystems was sold to Oracle Corporation at a price of $ 7.4 billion.
Why there was the need of java when there were existing programming languages like C / C++?
At the time of development of Java, there were good programming languages like C++. These languages were not reliable. For the consumer electronics industry to be successful there was a need for a reliable programming language. Hence Java was developed. When Java 1.0 was released it promised WORA- Write Once, Run Anywhere.
But as of Today Java is a commonly used foundation for developing and delivering content on the Web.
Design Goals of the Java ™ Programming Language:
- Simple, Object Oriented, and Familiar
- Robust and Secure
- Architecture Neutral and Portable
- High Performance
- Interpreted, Threaded, and Dynamic
Importance of Java:
Open-source: Java is an open source platform, which allows the developer to download the tools and develop applications with no fee thereby reducing the overall cost of the development process.
- Platform Independent: Java apps can be developed and used in any operating system or platform. The apps developed for windows can run in other operating system where Java virtual machine exists
- Highly secure: Java is known for its security and safe programming.
- Reusable codes: The enterprises can reuse the codes in developing any other app on java platform. The codes used in the programming of any app can be reused by the enterprise in making any other app.
- User and developer friendly: The enterprises are attracted towards the java development because the apps are not only easy to develop but very easy to use also.
Some applications that use Java:
- Gmail, Blogger and YouTube
- Operation of android is based on Java
Certification in Java & Its importance for career growth
certification in Java is one of the most highly recommended in the IT industry and it can do a lot for you and your career! There are three certifications in Java provided by Oracle Corporation which one can take up. The certifications will definitely boost up your career.
Certifications by Oracle Corporation:
- Java SE: “Standard Edition” certification focuses on desktop, server and “high-end embedded devices.” The Java SE track includes Associate, Professional and Master designations.
- Java EE: “Enterprise Edition” reflects Oracle’s commitment to growing Java adoption within large organizations for mission-critical applications. Eight distinct Java EE certifications test mastery of Web components, information architecture and service delivery.
- Java ME: Certification in Java’s “Micro Edition” track ensures familiarity with squeezing extra performance from TVs, handsets and other devices that rely on a lightweight programming platform.
Java certifications a necessity for your IT career
Certified individuals usually earn more money as compared to non- certified individuals.
Hiring & Selection Advantage
During the hiring process, Certified personal are preferred over non-certified personal. If you are in the market for a new job, a Java certification can help you stand out from non-certified candidates. Recruiters often prefer to hire certified professionals. So you can have a great start in your career with the help of these Java certifications.
Making you a better programmer
Java certification program not only helps you to prepare better for your exam, but can also make you a better programmer. The certifications help you to find out your weaker sections, and you can improve on your weaker sections.
Skilled Java Developers and Programmers are in high demand
Skilled java developers are in high demand, how the recruiters should come to know that you are a skilled personnel? Simple your Java certificate proves that you are a skilled professional.
With the certificate you will have access to Networking and Exclusive Community Benefits
As an Oracle Certified Professional, you will have special access to the exclusive LinkedIn communities so you can engage with other certified peers.
Help Your Company Increase Business
Some contracts allow for only hiring companies with certified If you’re self-employed as an IT consultant or analyst, having certification to back up your work experience can be crucial in getting new clients. Those companies will know that you have a certain level of knowledge, and will look at your resume more favorably.
Your career could start as any of the following:
- Java Video Game Programmer
- Java Web Developer
- Java Webmaster
- Java Developer
- Web Software Engineer
Scope of Java:
This is the well-known fact that java is the best next big thing to come up in IT industry after C++. Since its inception it has surprised the world with the new products and services.
Where Java is used?
1) Android Apps
If you want to see where Java is used, you are not too far away. Open your Android phone and any app, they are actually written in Java programming language, with Google’s Android API, which is similar to JDK. Couple of years back Android has provided much needed boost and today many Java programmers are Android App developer.
2) Server Apps at Financial Services Industry
Java is very big in Financial Services. Lots of global Investment banks like Goldman Sachs, Citigroup, Barclays, Standard Charted and other banks use Java for writing front and back office electronic trading system, writing settlement and confirmation systems, data processing projects and several others.
3) Java Web applications
Java is also big on E commerce and web application space. You have a lot of Restful services being created using Spring MVC, Struts 2.0 and similar frameworks. Even simple Servlet, JSP and Struts based web applications are quite popular on various government projects. Many of government, healthcare, insurance, education, defense and several other departments have their web application built in Java.
4) Software Tools
Many useful software and development tools are written and developed in Java e.g. Eclipse, InetelliJ Idea and Netbans IDE.
5) J2ME Apps
Though advent of iOS and Android almost killed J2ME market, but still there is large market of low end Nokia and Samsung handset which uses J2ME. There was time when almost all games, application, which is available in Android are written using MIDP and CLDC, part of J2ME platform. J2ME is still popular on products like Blu-ray, Cards, Set top boxes etc. One of the reason of WhatsApp being so popular is because it is also available in J2ME for all those Nokia handsets which is still quite big.
6) Embedded Space
Java is also big in the embedded space. It shows how capable the platform is, you only need 130 KB to be able to use Java technology (on a smart card or sensor). Originally Java was designed for embedded devices. In fact, this is the one area, which was part of Java’s initial campaign of “write once, run anywhere” and looks like it is paying up now.
7) Big Data technologies
Hadoop and other big data technologies are also using Java in one way or other.
8) High Frequency Trading Space
Java platform has improved its performance characteristics a lot and with modern JITs, its capable of delivering performance at C++ level. Due to this reason, Java is also popular on writing high performance systems, because Though performance is little less compared to native language, but you can compromise safety, portability and maintainability for more speed and it only takes one inexperienced C++ programmer to make an application slow and unreliable.
9) Scientific Applications
Nowadays Java is often a default choice for scientific applications, including natural language processing. Main reason of this is because Java is more safe, portable, maintainable and comes with better high-level concurrency tools than C++ or any other language.
Here is a brief outline for what to look for in the training program:
These are the very important topic that one needs to know in Java:
- Introduction to Java
- Features of Java
- Java Environment Setup
- OOPS Concepts:
- Class & Object
- Data Types
- Local Variables, Instance Variables
- Static Variables, Static Block, Static Methods, Static Class
- Access Specifiers& Access Modifiers
- Control Statements
- String, String Buffer, String Builder
- Interfaces, Abstract and Concrete Classes
- Exception Handling Mechanism
- Garbage Collection
- Auto Boxing and Un Boxing
- Collection Framework
- Inner Classes
- Generic Types
The Big question is where to learn Java from?
I will make it simple for you. I have done an extensive research and prepared a list from where you can learn Java.
- Company that trains and recruits them after the completion of training.
Find a company that trains you, and will recruit you after the completion of the training. The advantage of joining such a company is you will be working on their ongoing projects. Rather than regular training you will have a chance to see how the ongoing projects are being executed. Finding such a company may be difficult, but it is worth the shot.
- A training academy
Join a certified training academy, they will teach you the Java as per their course. You will be getting the certificate which may or may help for your career. I prefer you take the next method.
- Self- Study:
There are really many pro and cons of self-studying. I will start by citing the cons, you will be unaware of what the trend is currently running in IT industry. Isn’t it always best to be trained by an expert trainer? Obviously it is best. But you can always self-study the topics by the help google or from text books and take up the Oracle Java certification program. I think Java certification has more weightage than the certificates provided by training institute. There are some training institutes whose certificates also have the same weight-age as of the Oracle’s Java certificate program.
Here is the list of books which can help you for your self-studies:
- Head First Java, 2nd Edition
- Thinking in Java (4th Edition)
- Think Java
- Introduction to Java by Sedgewick
- Java in a Nutshell
- Core Java Volume I–Fundamentals (9th Edition) (Core Series): Cay S. Horstmann
- Java How To Program (late objects) by Paul Deitel, Harvey Deitel
- Effective Java (2nd Edition): Joshua Bloch
- Java Performance: Charlie Hunt, Binu John
- Head First Servlets and JSP
- SCJP by Kathy and Sierra
- Java – The Complete Reference by Herbert Schildt.
- Java Concurrency in Practice
- Java Performance
- The Java Programming Language, 4th Edition
- Java Puzzlers : Traps, Pitfalls, And Corner Cases
The CCNA certification has been devised by CISCO and CCNA stands for Cisco Certified Network Associate. The certificate approves a professional or a student’s ability to understand, configure, operate, and troubleshoot medium-level switched and routed networks.
You will be voted by a leading worldwide networking organization the CISCO as a valuable worker. Isn’t it great?
The Certificate is ideal for:
- A Student who is interested in networking & planning for the better future.
- An entry level professional in IT field with an interest in networking field.
Earlier there was only one core CCNA certification program, but now it is divided into associate CCNA certification programs, they are:
- CCNA Cloud
- CCNA Collaboration
- CCNA Data Center
- CCNA Industrial
- CCNA Routing and Switching
- CCNA Security
- CCNA Service Provider
- CCNA Wireless
Cisco for most of the exams does not place any prerequisites, but may be necessary to have to complete some of the other exams. The necessary exams vary depending upon the type of certification to be made.
What Kind of job roles you can expect?
- IT network administrator
- Network engineer
- Network engineer
- Technical Engineer
- Systems engineer
- IT manager
- IT director
- Software engineer
- Network programming/ analyst
Advantages of being CCNA Certified:
- The personal will have a better understanding of computer networking
- It will surely boost your career
- Some companies prefer to hire CCNA certified professional
- For the students it will be helpful for getting your first job
- Money matters most to us. You can demand for high incentives. Some companies are willing to pay more for CCNA certified professional.
According to the Payscale.com research, the average salary of CCNA professional with one year of job experience is shown in the chart.
CCNA certificate will surely have a great influence on your networking knowledge and qualification. Whether you are applying for a new job or demanding a salary hike CCNA certificate will definitely help you. You will be able to stand out among your workmates & peers.
What to look for when you enroll for a CCNA Course
One of the most important things to look for in any CCNA Training is whether the institute that is conducting the training has original Routers & Switches or is it training on simulator. Besides, you should look at the credentials of the institute, whether it has a placement cell or not, how qualified are the trainers and the pedigree of the institute and its history.
Aptech Hardware & Networking Academy at Chowringhee, Kolkata, is one such institute which qualifies against all the above criteria.